Tree and Shrub Pruning
Why prune your trees and shrubs? There are many benefits of shrub trimming, including safety, the beauty of the tree or shrub, the health of the plant, and size management. It’s important for the overall look of your lawn and landscaping that your trees and shrubs are also maintained. Typically shrubs, hedges, and groundcover are trimmed or pruned twice a year, although some plants may be trimmed once or not at all. Trees are also trimmed on an as-needed basis
Shrub trimming and pruning helps your trees and shrubs stay healthier and should definitely be done when there are branches that are diseased, dead, pest-ridden, or brushing against each other or any structures on your property. Pruning at the wrong time will not hurt your trees or shrubs, but it can interfere with their flowering or fruiting. Landscaping professionals will know the best times to prune for all of the plants on your property to maximize their beauty and health.
There are many and varying techniques, tools, opinions, budgets, goals, and perceptions when it comes to correct pruning and shrub trimming, all of which GrassMasters Landscape & Design will customize for you. Call us at (616) 383-1054 to schedule your annual or biannual trimming.
PLAN AND DETAILS
|Spring:||During spring, fertilize and water your trees so they grow strong and healthy in the summer. It’s a bad idea to prune most trees in the spring because they are actively growing branches, buds and leaves. However, it’s a good time to plant new trees, so do your shopping early so your tree is in the ground for the heavy spring growing period.|
|Summer:||In the summer, you should mostly leave your trees alone. Only conduct minor trimming or hazard removal if required. Unusually dry weather may require some extra watering, but if you water your grass regularly, your trees should be fine too.|
|Fall:||Usually, trees go into their dormant phase in the fall season. This is the time to do major pruning and trimming to prepare the tree for next year. Remove dead and diseased branches, trim the top and sides for access to sunlight and for shape and generally complete any work that requires more than a few snips.|
|Winter:||You can leave your trees alone during the winter. Protect them against the cold and snow if necessary. Use the winter to fell any trees that are dead, dying or may damage your home. However, note that winter is actually the best time to prune your trees. Arborists are also less busy, which may lead to lower prices.|
Pruning the tips of the branches every year on a lilac will cut off next year’s flower buds. Wait to renewal prune until after your lilacs bloom so you don’t cut off flower buds, removing the oldest branches to allow new young growth to form. An old overgrown lilac can be cut off at the ground and allowed to start over, but then may not bloom for a few years. What holds true for lilacs does not hold true for all flowering shrubs. Flower buds on roses and potentillas are formed on new growth, so pruning will not discourage their flowering.
It is better to plant shrubs and trees that will not outgrow their space. But renewal pruning or removing entire older stems and branches can control their size. Or you can even cut shrubs off completely at ground level to rejuvenate them.
Yes, recent research has shown the healing advantage of pruning branches exactly at the growth collar (a swelling of the union of the branch and the trunk). Do not leave a stub where decay, insects, and disease can enter. When shortening shoots, cut just above a growth bud facing outward from the tree or shrub. If you make cuts to an inward-turning bud, the new growth will eventually cross and rub other branches.
The latest thinking is that tree wound dressings are not needed on pruning cuts. Wounds will close by a natural callus with exposure to air.